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This post is a collection of commands that helped me setup Laravel in a VPS. I have written this for myself to just copy and past the commands directly so that I don't have to go to individual resources. Most of the resources are from serversforhackers.com by Chris Fidao.

Add a user

After logging in as root, add a new user and add to sudo group.

sudo adduser raviteja

usermod -aG sudo raviteja

Setup SSH

cd ~/.ssh
ssh-keygen -o -a 100 -t ed25519 -f id_some_identifier

On the server, add the public key.

sudo su raviteja
mkdir ~/.ssh
cd ~/.ssh
nano authorized_keys

Install PHP

Installs the latest version if you have not added PPA package.

sudo apt-get install git curl wget zip unzip

sudo apt install php php-cli php-fpm php-mysql php-zip php-gd php-mbstring php-curl php-xml php-pear php-bcmath php-mcrypt php-mbstring php-xml

Install Composer

php -r "readfile('http://getcomposer.org/installer');" | sudo php -- --install-dir=/usr/bin/ --filename=composer

Install Nginx

sudo apt-get install nginx

Change config at /etc/nginx/sites-available/default

We should add ssl_certificate details in the config only after installing ssl certificate with certbot.

server {
  listen 80 default_server;

  server_name thedomain.in www.thedomain.in;
  return 301 https://thedomain.in$request_uri;

server {
  listen 443 ssl default_server;

  ssl_certificate      /etc/letsencrypt/live/<thedomain.in>/fullchain.pem;
  ssl_certificate_key  /etc/letsencrypt/live/<thedomain.in>/privkey.pem;

	root /var/www/ourprojectfolder/public;

  index index.php;

  location / {
    try_files $uri $uri/ /index.php$is_args$args;

  location ~ \.php$ {
    include snippets/fastcgi-php.conf;
    fastcgi_pass unix:/var/run/php/php7.3-fpm.sock;

  location ~* (?:^|/)\. {
    deny all;

  location ^~ /.well-known/acme-challenge/ {
    allow all;

Set permissions

ps aux | grep php

cd /var/www/thelaravelappfolder
sudo chown -R www-data: storage bootstrap

If that does not work, try this.

chown -R {username}:www-data {laravel-folder}
chmod -R 777 {laravel-folder}/storage
chmod -R 777 {laravel-folder}/bootstrap/cache/

If that does not work too, try

find /path/to/your/root/dir/ -type f -exec chmod 644 {} \;
find /path/to/your/root/dir/ -type d -exec chmod 755 {} \;

chown -R www-data:www-data /path/to/your/root/dir/

chgrp -R www-data storage bootstrap/cache
chmod -R ug+rwx storage bootstrap/cache

Setup MySQL

sudo apt-get install -y mysql-server 

sudo mysql_secure_installation

create database yourdatabase

create user databaseclient@'localhost' identified by 'a-password';

grant all privileges on yourdatabase.* to databaseclient@'localhost';

Import/Export database

// Export
mysqldump -u databaseclient -p yourdatabase | gzip > the_database_file_name.sql.gz

// Import
gunzip < 20122020_b.sql.gz | mysql -u databaseclient -p yourdatabase

Setup Redis

sudo apt-get install redis-server

redis-cli ping

Setup Supervisor for Queues

Supervisor docs.

sudo apt-get install supervisor

Create new file laravel-worker.conf inside /etc/supervisor/conf.d directory.

command=php /var/www/thelaravelfolder/artisan queue:work redis --tries=1 --max-time=3600

Make this directory /home/raviteja/thelaravelfolder/ for the log.

Start supervisor

sudo supervisorctl reread

sudo supervisorctl update

sudo supervisorctl start laravel-worker:*

Setup Cron for Scheduled jobs

crontab -e

* * * * * cd /var/www/laravelfolder && php artisan schedule:run >> /dev/null 2>&1

SSL Certificate

Install certbot from the official website.

sudo certbot certonly 
  --webroot -w /var/www/yourlaravelproject/public 
  -d thedomain.com 
  --email raviteja@thedomain.com